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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
HEADQUARTERS, 12TH AVIATION BATTALION
8926 GAVIN ROAD
FORT BELVOIR, VA 22060-5123

ANAV-CBT

MEMORANDUM FOR RECORD

SUBJECT: DEMONSTRATION OF THE TRI-MAX 30 KOLD CAFS FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM, AFTER ACTION REVIEW

  1. The Tri-Max 30 acts as the first line of defense for fire suppression. It can be immediately available to the user at the site of the aircraft or refueling mishap. The Tri-Max 30 would be primarily utilized by airfield personnel where it's ease and speed of operation is of paramount importance.
    1. The Tri-Max 30 compresses air foam system (CAFS) is a portable high pressure redundant system with a UL rating 40 A, 80B.
    2. Utilizes readily available and inexpensive Aqueous Film Forming Foam AFFF or Clean Agent Foam (Environmentally neutral & UL rated) and uses ordinary dish soap for training.
    3. A blanket of foam can be pur over a flight line spill in a matter of seconds as a precautionary method. Tri-ignition potential is nullified due to sealing off of vapors, it emulsifies with the petroleum on contact. Gusty winds 15 - 25 knots do not affect coverage.
    4. A discharge distance of 80n - 100 feet puts the user at a safe distance for operation.
    5. Uses 2 aqua tanks, each an independent air source, that pressurize a 30 gallon tank which produces 600 gallons of usable foam at a 300 gallon per minute discharge capacity.
    6. The system is small, easy to maintain and service in a flight line or forward area refuel pint.
    7. In comparison with other systems currently in use:
    8. A 25lbs CO2 unit has a range of 45 feet for approx. 45 seconds, had no flashback protection and is easily defused by wind.
    9. A 1211 Halon has a range of Approx. 50 feet for 90 seconds, no flashback protection, environmentally non-friendly, cannot be released other than for actual fire suppression (no training), is not UL rated and is mandated for replacement by year 2003.
    10. Dry Chemical (Purple K) has a range of 25 feet for 51 seconds, had flashback protection, is only fairly stable in windy conditions, is affected by age and humidity and is difficult to service.
    11. AFFF dispensed using the CAFS delivery system like the Tri-Max 30 is an efficient and effective alternative to devices in Para. 2. The fire fighting and knock down capability is impressive however, this system moves from a re-active fire fighting tool, to a pro-active fire prevention tool at the user level when properly trained. Logistical support is available wherever breathable air compressors are located, typically at any Fire Department. Requires no unique servicing or maintenance and is easily trained. This device can save lives!
    12. The Fort Belvoir Fire Department, along with the 12th Aviation Battalion Safety Office, conducted a fire fighting demonstration with the Tri-Max 30 at 1100 hrs on 27 Mar 97 at Fort Belvoir. Results and specifications of this demonstration are contained in the Fort Belvoir Fire Chief's report to Bruce Park, dated 31 Mar 97.

    Michael W. Sluys
    CW5, USA
    Safety Officer


    DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
    ARMY AVIATION SUPPORT FACILITY
    NORTH CAROLINA ARMY NATIONAL GUARD
    POST OFFICE BOX B
    MORRISVINLLE, NORTH CAROLINA 27560-8002

    AASF # 1(385)

    19 November, 1996
    MEMORANDUM FOR CW5 ROBERT A. BROOKS, U.S. ARMY SAFETY CENTER,
    ATTN: CSSC-PMA(FLIGHT FAX)

    SUBJECT: TRI-MAX 30 Fire Extinguishing System

    1. This memo is to appraise you of our plans to use the TRI-MAX 30 fire extinguisher system and what lead to our decision to purchase this system. I first became aware of the system two years ago when a factory representative gave a presentation at the National Guard Safety Conference. Then last year the product was brought to the conference and a live demonstration was given. It was immediately apparent to myself and the State Aviation officer that this system was far superior to anything that we currently had available. We new that the current systems, 500 C02 and halon were marginal at best. We had also determined that the FARP was a high risk operation and that the TRI-MAX 30 fire extinguishing system was the only effective control to either save a crew or aircraft in case of a fire or more important to prevent a fire before it even occurred.

    2. As the Flight Facility Safety Officer and the 449'h GP Safety Officer, I had a particular concern with our Apache unit and FARP operations. The decision was made at our State level that we would purchase 19 of the TRI-MAX 30 fire extinguishers. Nine fire extinguishers would go to my Flight Facility, AASF # 1, with 24 Apaches, 5 OH-58's, and one C-26B fixed-wing aircraft. Four units would go to Flight Facility #2, that already had a Crash crew with Fire truck and eight LJH-601 helicopters. One unit would go to our CSMS and 5 units would go to MATES. Even though we have crash fire rescue at our airport and at AASF #2,, we have found that the maintenance crews will be on site several minutes before the larger fire trucks arrive on the scene. This can be critical to saving a crew. These fire extinguishers are currently divided between our 150# halon bottles on the flight line. When the apache BN goes to the field, they will take four of the units with them. These will be used in the FARP and will probably be transported in trailers. Our current intent is to have one bottle between each refueling point and one located at the pumping vehicle.

    3. One problem that we are dealing with now, is how do we move and place the units. They can be moved by helicopters (sling load), but more likely we would use a trailer and the hoist from a cargo HEMMT. My goal is to have one unit between each refueling point. This way we could immediately direct two fire extinguishers on one aircraft. Another option is to mount one unit directly on a HEMMT, behind the ca6, and attached it to the DOG HOUSE. Then we would replace the current 50ft hose with a 300ft hose. This means (hat where ever the HEMMT went the fire extinguisher would go with it. The advantage to this is ease of mobility and if there was ever a fuel leak on the road, the foam could be used to stabilize the spill. In fact the best way to use these units, is to be able to foam a fuel spill before it ignites. During a demonstration, 1 00 gal. of JP-8 was ignited and then put out with foam. They then scrapped the foam off of the fuel and were unable to re-light the fuel.

    4. Although the POL personnel are concerned about the mobility problems, they were very exited to be able to actually do some training with a unit that they felt would give them an edge in a fire. Until now, we have had no system that will actually let us get close enough to reach a fuel fire with an extinguishing agent. We are also considering mounting a unit in a HUMMV or trailer that could be used in the field as a mini fire truck in the BN bivouac area. We should be doing some field trials in the next two months and I will let you know what happens.

    ROBERT C. WEHRENBERG
    CW5 AV NCARNG
    SAFETY OFFICER


    Andalusia - Opp Airport Authority
    VIA FAX

    Dear Mr. Marht:

    I would like to take this opportunity to express to you some general comments regarding the Stanley Manufacturing TRI-MAX 30 Mobile Fire Form Suppression System. I have been a rated pilot since 1957, commercial and military, fixed and rotary wing instructor pilot, single and multi-engine, turbo piston and jet qualified. I have been involved in rapid (HOT) refueling since 1968 and have held numerous aviation and airport management positions worldwide.

    Over the past 39 years, I have had an opportunity to reflect on "lessons learned" in the aviation business. An area of "need" or "update" that has never been properly addressed, in my view, is a fire suppression system that is portable, one person usable, has an immediate "knock down" capability, has a built in backup system, can be recharged within minutes, has a standoff capability of 80 to 100 feet, can be immediately activated, is user friendly and has a capability to deliver a high volume of suppressant.

    I believe that the TRI-MAX 30 System meets or exceeds the above. We refuel (rapid) up to 70 helicopters per day. We have been using Halon units and are totally aware of their limitations. In our business, if we have a refueling emergency our problems are immediate. The TRI-MAX 30 System provides us a system with a backup capability independent of the primary system and also allows us to quickly recharge the unit at a very low dollar cost.

    Route 3 Box 58
    Andalusia, Alabama 36420


    DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
    HEADQUARTERS, TENNESSEE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD (STARC)
    HOUSTON BARRACKS, 3041 DISCO DRIVE
    NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE 37204-1502

    AGTN-DOA

    MEMORANDUM FOR Aviation and Safety Directorate, Safety and Occupational Health Division, ATTN: COL Squires

    SUBJECT: High Risk Aircraft Refueling

    1. Background: In recent years, National Guard Aviation had approached new thresholds of exposure to loss of life and high dollar losses of tactical military equipment. The National Guard now has the latest generation of military equipment. Fuel tankers that cost tens of thousands now cost hundreds of thousands. Aircraft that cost hundreds of thousands now cost millions of dollars.

    Most National Guard combat unit's mission is to train for combat anywhere on short notice. This increased tempo of training calls for managing risk at a higher exposure level to ensure soldiers and equipment are prepared.

    The recent Army AH-64 fire that destroyed an AH-64 and burned both crew members had drawn the Army Safety Community to investigate improved ways to minimize risk during routine and rapid refueling operations.

    1. Recent Developments: Many National Guard states have seen the new fire suppression system designed and built by Stanley Manufacturing. Stanley's TRI-MAX 30 has been demonstrated at the Safety Center, Fort Rucker, and at a number of Army and Air Force airfields. The TRI-MAX 30 is a dramatic improvement over the traditional flight line fire extinguisher. It is environmentally friendly which makes it the ideal replacement for the Halon fire extinguishers that when used destroy the ozone layer.

    When a flight line fuel spill occurs. A blanket of foam can be placed over the spill within seconds. The fuel fume release of a spill can be quickly ignited by the high temperatures of summer weather and the static electricity of cold dry weather.

    The TRI-MAX 30 is portable and easy to operate. When an accidental fire occurs, personnel can quickly respond (within seconds) by shooting up to 600 gallons of foam from stand-off distances of 75-100 feet in order to avoid heat and toxic fumes.

    1. Present Situation: Many National Guard states have committed funds and ordered this equipment by name. The presence of the TRI-MAX 30 on the flight line and at Rapid Refueling sites will immediately reduce risks during routine flight line and tactical refueling.

    Unfortunately, the normal order process form USPFO to depot requires a solicitation and bid process that can delay delivery from 6-12 months. Shortly after the initial orders, Stanley Manufacturing won a Government Service Agency (GSA) agreement. Since the TRI-MAX 30 is a GSA catalogue item, it can be ordered and delivered within weeks and at a lower per unit price.

    1. Recommendations: In order to Minimize Risk during refueling at National Guard locations as soon as possible, put out an all states letter with the following information and directions:
    2. Stanley Manufacturing's TRI-MAX 30 is now available through GSA at a new lower cost per unit.
    3. Stated that have submitted requisitions, initiate action through through their USPFO to transfer their requisition to GSA and cancel their original requisition to D.I.A.
    4. DFAS-IN 37-1, page 9-10 paragraph M. provides guidance to transfer a requisition that is "same size and scope as the original requisition."

    LARRY B. SHELTON
    COL. AV. TNARNG
    Director of Aviation


    TO: U.S. ARMY SAFETY CENTER
    ATTN: CSSC-PMA (FLIGHT FAX)
    CW5 ROBERT A. BROOKS
    SUBJECT: FARP OPERATIONS / FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

    FARP operations have always been mechanically complex. Problems with fire extinguishers or main fuel shutoff valves often occurs, but after several safe aircraft refuelings with no apparent problems, a period of complacency sets in, and an "it can't happen to me attitude" surfaces.

    To preclude these attitudes from developing it is critical to have an OIC/NCOIC monitoring FARP operations to quickly identify and correct problems before they arise.

    Additionally, a detail FARP SOP, which soldiers are trained to use, helps eliminate problems. Diagrams that show operation, setup, approach corridors, emergency egress and marking of pints should be a major part of risk management in FARP operations.

    The recent issue of Flight Fax , Vol. 24, No. 8, stated that FARP fire-fighting equipment is a major concern. One possible solution is the introduction of a new fire extinguishing system. Stanley M.F.G. has developed a fire suppression system, the TRI-MAX 30 COLD COMPREWSED AIR FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM. So far ten states have ordered approximately 80 TRI-MAX fire suppression systems to replace their Halon system. This new system uses two aqua bottles (tanks), each an independent air source, that pressurize a 30 gallon tank which produces 600 gallons of foam. This system has a discharge range of 80 to 100 feet at a 300 gallon per minute discharge capacity which allows fire fighting capability from a safe distance. The discharge range can be extended with added hose length of up to 300 feet. The TRI-MAX system provides a thick vapor-sealing blanket of foam that virtually eliminates ignition or re-ignition of any flammable source. This offers a much safer environment for the personnel operating this system and protects both equipment and personnel.

    Training costs are minimal, approximately $25 dollars per year using dishwashing liquid, General Purpose Detergent, NSN 7930-00-282-9699, (approx. 1 ½ gallons of dishwashing liquid required for each refill), to simulate a class A or B extinguishing agent. It takes 4 to 5 minutes to reload a system with new agent and place it back in operation.

    The TRI-MAX fire suppression system also replaces your halon with an agent that will not harm the environment; is simple to use, easy to maintain ad can be adapted to any situation. The TRI-MAX 30 has complete airmobile capabilities; it can be paradropped or inserted as an external load and is easily adapted for mounting on a HEMMT.

    The replacement for the Halon Flightline Fire Extinguisher is the Compressed Air Foam Suppression System TRI-MAX 30, NSN 4210-01-429-3863. The Property Management Branch of the USPFO in your state can assign a Line Item Number (LIN) to this stock number until information is available on the Fedlog/Army Log/AMDF. The authorization for Property Book accountability can be issued by the USPFO Property Management Office as a Memorandum of Authority (MOA).

    I would like to thank the individuals who helped introduce this new fire fighting system into the National Guard: MAJ General Brandt, Commander of the California National Guard and Chairman of the State Safety Council; COL Kleine, California SAAO; LTC Isle, SASO; SSG Yarman, Tool & Parts Attendant form AASF #2 in Stockton California; and National Guard Bureau Aviation Safety Officer CW5 Burbank; these individuals were instrumental in presenting this system to the National Guard during the annual IP/ASO Safety Conference in Little Rock, Arkansas.

    More TRI-MAX fire suppression system information can be obtained by contacting Mr. David Mahrt with Stanley M.F.G. Redding Ca. (COM) 530-275-3621 or (FAX) 530-275-2501.

    CW4 Thomas E. Shultz
    AASF#3 ASO
    Mobile, Al 36605


    SUBJECT: Tri Max Compressed Air Foam System and 150 Pound Dry Chemical Unit Test

    1. A test was conducted on the comparison of a Dry Chemical extinguishing unit and the Tri Max Compressed Air Foam System (CAFS) in a burn pan with 5 gallons of JP5 fuel.

    2. We ignited the JP5 and gave it a free burn time of about 2 to 3 minutes, we then had a freights using the dry chemical unit from about 50 to 60 feet from the pan to try to extinguish the fire, He was unsuccessful due to the fact that the winds where blowing about 1O knots from the north. The firefighter had to move closer to the burning pan to make the extinguishment from about 10 feel Extinguishment was made after this attempt and we then had the igniter return to the pan with the flare and passed it over the pan, when this the pan re-ignite we had another fire in the pan. We then tried to extinguish the fire with the remaining dry chemical unsuccessfully.

    3. The Tri Max CAFS was then put into service and within 30 seconds to 1 min the fire was suppressed from the original distance of the dry chemical. We then had the firefighter pass the flare over the pan and due to the fuel being covered with a foam blanket the fuel did not re-ignite. The firefighter had to push the foam out of the way to get an ignition.

    4. Point of contact is the undersigned, 806-6911.

    Russell E. Dodge, Jr.
    Lead Firefighter